Speaking Club. Family of the Future.

Друзья, настало время поговорить о будущем! Отправимся в увлекательное путешествие в год эдак 2050-й и поразмышляем над тем, что станет с нами и с нашими семьями. Что день грядущий нам готовит?

В разделе Speaking Club вы сможете ознакомиться с интересными материалами, которые помогут организовать увлекательную дискуссию и обогатят ваш словарный.

*** Для уровня Intermediate+

Как пользоваться разделом Speaking Club? – Следуйте данной инструкции:

  1. Прочтите и/или прослушайте статью.
  2. Познакомьтесь с новыми словами (выделенные слова есть в словарике в конце статьи).
  3. Выполните задания. Пожалуй, здесь не обойтись без компании. Вам понадобится увлеченный собеседник (возможно преподаватель 😉 ), чтобы обсудить поставленные вопросы и порассуждать на заданные темы.***
  4. Закрепите незнакомые слова с помощью приложения.
  5. Поделитесь этим постом с друзьями и напишите комментарий. Британские ученые доказали, что это способствует лучшему усвоению материала ;). 

*** Кстати задавать вопросы можно научиться здесь, а использовать будущее время в сложных предложениях в этой практике.

Статья этого урока взята из материалов сайта https://gizmodo.com/ и публикуется здесь в сокращенном варианте в образовательных целях. Полную версию статьи вы можете прочитать в источнике.

Families Of The Future.

Family is a moving target. Our ideas about what constitutes a “normal” family have changed a lot since the 1960s, and there’s no reason to believe they’ll stop changing. How weird could things get? Here are some ideas about the future of the family.

Multiple Family Households

Statistics show that multi-generational families are on the rise, mostly because housing and other things are getting so expensive. Likewise, two or more family groups may wind up deciding to live together in a single home, to save money. 

And unrelated families sharing a home makes sense for all kind of reasons—and not just soaring rents. Multiple families in a single household can share caring duties—a benefit to single parents or those who have to do shift work. It’s also worth pointing out that the partners in these families could remain exclusive to each other, or engage in polyamorous relationships.

There will be challenges, of course, to living in a quasi-communal multi-family household, such as getting along, respecting each other’s property, excessive noise, sharing common resources, conflicting parenting styles, and so on.

Questions:

  1. How can people benefit from living in Multiple Family Households?
  2. Can you think of a suitable house for unrelated families living together? How would it look like?
  3. Can a Soviet communal flat be a good example of a Multiple Family Household.
  4. How could shared caring duties affect children?

Clone Families

Assuming that human cloning can eventually be made safe and reliable, the public’s misgivings about this potential reproductive practice will probably fade. And this could lead to families in which offspring are the clones of a parental donor, or some other donor such as a grandparent, a friend—or a celebrity.

In the future, parents could raise either one or more clones of themselves, including clones derived from each partner. Depending on the scenario, siblings could be genetic duplicates of each other or their parent or both. Over time, clones could become multi-generational, so-called “clonal lines.”

Questions:

  1. Do you think clones will grow up similar to donors? How does environment change our character?
  2. How would you bring up your own clone?
  3. If you could choose one person to clone, who would it be?

Robotic and Artificially Intelligent Caregivers

Future children will interact with their surrogate AI parents any number of ways. Using computers, hand-held devices, or some futuristic interface, they’ll be supervised, taught how to read and do math, play games, and be entertained. A tidy summary of the day’s events will be sent to the parents, along with a progress report. The level of engagement is sure to be so intimate and intense that the child (and even the parents) will consider the AI to be part of the family.

Eventually, human caregivers could be replaced outright by machines, but it’ll be some time yet before we see robot nannies in our households.

Questions:

  1. Can a robot caregiver substitute a babysitter? What functions can make him better then a human?
  2. Who must be responsible for the accidents caused by a robot?
  3. If robots become successful and affordable caregivers, will it encourage people to have more children?

Space Colonist Families

By mid-century, we should have a colonial presence on Mars, and possibly the Moon. These habitats will likely be small and rudimentary, but it’s not unreasonable to assume that some colonists will want to bring their families along, or start new ones. Eventually, we’ll start to see the first generation of humans who have never been to Earth.

Questions:

  1. How will people change when living on other planets (lifestyle, character, bad habits, communication)?
  2. What character traits are required to become a successful colonist?
  3. Will colonists keep to traditional family paterns or invent a new type of family?

Post-Cryonic Families

Over a dozen families have signed up at Alcor Life Extension Foundation, the world’s leading cryonics facility. We have no idea if people frozen in vats of liquid nitrogen will ever be brought back to life, but the possibility raises some interesting scenarios.

Should their dreams of immortality come true, these “reanimated” families would literally be reunited after death. Given that some family members will have been separated by death for many years, their reunions will be particularly emotional and profound. 

Mind-linked Families

Imagine a family connected via mind-to-mind communication. It would be like Wachowski’s Sense8 TV series in which the characters are mentally and emotionally connected, capable of communicating, sensing, and using each other’s knowledge, skills, and language. Mind-melded families would be greater than the sum of its parts. Of course, an assembly of interconnected minds need not be limited to just family members; friends and colleagues could join in as well, leading to highly interconnected and intimate communities that would exhibit very hive-like behavior. This could very well represent the future family.

Virtual Families

Imagine a mind-uploaded family, or a family comprised of emulated brains (called ems) that reside and interact within a powerful supercomputer. These virtual beings would live as avatars within elaborate simulated environments. But because the constraints of the analog world won’t apply in cyberspace (whether these constraints be biological or physical), virtual families may not have the same needs or motivations for staying together as a single, related unit.

Словарь к статье:

Multi-generational families – семьи, состоящие из нескольких поколений

Unrelated families – неродственные семьи

Household – домохозяйство

Quasi-communal multi-family household – домохозяйство наподобие общины, состоящей из нескольких семей

Parenting – воспитание детей

Offspring – отпрыск, потомок

Sibling – брат или сестра

Supervise – наблюдать, осуществлять надзор

Entertain – развлекать

Engagement – вовлеченность

 Caregiver – тот, кто заботится, ухаживает за пожилым человеком/ребенком

Habitat – место обитания (habitant – житель)

Liquid nitrogen – жидкий азот

Reanimate – оживить

Reunion – воссоединение, встреча после разлуки

Mind-melded – мысленно соединенные (meld – соединяться, сливаться)

Hive – улей

Emulated brain – перенесенное сознание (гипотетическая технология сканирования и картирования головного мозга, позволяющая перенести сознание человека в другую систему, на какое-то иное вычислительное устройство)

Reside – проживать

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